ca. 1863, [ambrotype portrait of a Civil War induction officer with a lottery box]
via the Library of Congress, Civil War Collection
The National Conscription Act of 1863 created a lottery system where men, between the ages of eighteen and thirty-five, could have been drafted into military service during the Civil War. In New York, outrage over compulsory military service caused riots to break out in the summer of 1863. Both the Union and Confederacy had their own respective conscription acts.